Sassanid Archaeological

The Sassanian Empire succeeded the Parthians and came to power in Fars province in Persia in the year 224 AD. Their period witnessed the most stellar achievements of Persian civilization and constituted the last great Iranian Empire before the infiltration of Islam.  Sassanian arts which survived in architecture, reliefs, metal work, stucco and standing sculptures in caves were mostly found in the Fars region, the original province of the ruling empire of Sassanians in Iran. The influence of Sassanian art went as far as China and the Mediterranean.

 

Eight of the most important surviving works of Sassanian art and architecture have been included in UNESCO’s list. These eight archaeological sites are located in the areas of Firuzabad, Bishapur and Sarvestan, all in Fars province.

 

The sites at Firuzabad, a town located 110 km from Shiraz, include: the magnificent Palace of Ardeshir Babakan (Ardeshir I); the walled or circular city of Ardeshir Khoreh; Qal’eh Dokhtar, the castle built by Ardeshir I on a mountain slope, dedicated to the goddess Anahita; the bas-reliefs showing the coronation of the Sassanian king Ardeshir and his conquest over the last Parthian king (Ardavan the 5th).

 

Bishapur is located 140 km from Shiraz and includes the ancient city of Bishapur, Tangeh Chogan and the cave by the same name, with the standing sculpture of the king Shapur 1st in the cave.

 

At a distance of 100 km southeast of Shiraz is Sarvestan, which includes Sarvestan Palace, built in 5th century AD. It was either a palace or a Zoroastrian fire temple.

Sassanid Archaeological

The Sassanian Empire succeeded the Parthians and came to power in Fars province in Persia in the year 224 AD. Their period witnessed the most stellar achievements of Persian civilization and constituted the last great Iranian Empire before the infiltration of Islam.  Sassanian arts which survived in architecture, reliefs, metal work, stucco and standing sculptures in caves were mostly found in the Fars region, the original province of the ruling empire of Sassanians in Iran. The influence of Sassanian art went as far as China and the Mediterranean.

 

Eight of the most important surviving works of Sassanian art and architecture have been included in UNESCO’s list. These eight archaeological sites are located in the areas of Firuzabad, Bishapur and Sarvestan, all in Fars province.

 

The sites at Firuzabad, a town located 110 km from Shiraz, include: the magnificent Palace of Ardeshir Babakan (Ardeshir I); the walled or circular city of Ardeshir Khoreh; Qal’eh Dokhtar, the castle built by Ardeshir I on a mountain slope, dedicated to the goddess Anahita; the bas-reliefs showing the coronation of the Sassanian king Ardeshir and his conquest over the last Parthian king (Ardavan the 5th).

 

Bishapur is located 140 km from Shiraz and includes the ancient city of Bishapur, Tangeh Chogan and the cave by the same name, with the standing sculpture of the king Shapur 1st in the cave.

 

At a distance of 100 km southeast of Shiraz is Sarvestan, which includes Sarvestan Palace, built in 5th century AD. It was either a palace or a Zoroastrian fire temple.

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Design by Ali Moghadas / 2020