Sultaniyeh

The Dome of Sultaniyeh is located some 42 km from the city of Zanjan in the plains of Sultaniyeh and it is the biggest brick dome in the world. The construction of dome was commissioned by the Ilkhan ruler, Sultan Mohammad Khodabaneh (Oljaitu) in Soltaniyeh city the capital of Ilkhanid dynasty from 1302 to 1312.

 

The dome which was erected in 1312 A.D. is an octagonal building and has the oldest double-shell dome. The outer shell is covered by turquoise blue tiles. There is a tall dome on each side of the building and rooms and pavilions have been constructed on the upper part of the building. It is one of the most important architectural examples of the Ilkhanid Mongols with great influence on the building of historical monuments in the world such as the Cathedral of Saint Mary of Flowers in Florence (Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore).

 

The inside ceiling of the rooms are decorated with colored bricks and plasterwork and the sides of the ceiling are decorated with beautiful Quranic inscriptions. Much of its exterior decoration has been lost, but the interior retains beautiful mosaics, faience, and murals. People have described the architecture of the building as “anticipating the Taj Mahal.” The Dome of Sultanyieh, this magnificent construction that can be seen from miles away, was the prototype for construction of more Persian-style cupola in the Muslim world.

Sultaniyeh

The Dome of Sultaniyeh is located some 42 km from the city of Zanjan in the plains of Sultaniyeh and it is the biggest brick dome in the world. The construction of dome was commissioned by the Ilkhan ruler, Sultan Mohammad Khodabaneh (Oljaitu) in Soltaniyeh city the capital of Ilkhanid dynasty from 1302 to 1312.

 

The dome which was erected in 1312 A.D. is an octagonal building and has the oldest double-shell dome. The outer shell is covered by turquoise blue tiles. There is a tall dome on each side of the building and rooms and pavilions have been constructed on the upper part of the building. It is one of the most important architectural examples of the Ilkhanid Mongols with great influence on the building of historical monuments in the world such as the Cathedral of Saint Mary of Flowers in Florence (Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore).

 

The inside ceiling of the rooms are decorated with colored bricks and plasterwork and the sides of the ceiling are decorated with beautiful Quranic inscriptions. Much of its exterior decoration has been lost, but the interior retains beautiful mosaics, faience, and murals. People have described the architecture of the building as “anticipating the Taj Mahal.” The Dome of Sultanyieh, this magnificent construction that can be seen from miles away, was the prototype for construction of more Persian-style cupola in the Muslim world.

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Design by Ali Moghadas / 2020