Miniature painting is one of the most famous arts in Iran. it is difficult to trace the origins of the art of the Persian miniature, but it reached to its peak mainly during the Mongol and Timurid periods (13th to 16th century). The most important function of miniature was illustration.
Ashura is a Shi’ite mourning festival related to the Shi’ite sect of Islam which is one the two main branches of Islam. Shiism is the sect of Islam which was selected, admired and followed throughout the history by the great majority of Iranian Muslims. But Ashura, of course, is not exclusive to Iran and it is celebrated, however differently amongst the Shias in different parts of the world in Islamic countries. After the death of prophet Mohammad, the Shias insisted that the leadership of the Muslim society should pass down amongst the people who had a link by blood to the prophet Mohammad; Because this idea was supported by Ali, the people who followed this theory are called Shias or Shi’ite meaning “followers” of Ali who is the son –in –law of the prophet Mohammad and his cousin who got married with Fatimah his daughter. Ali is considered the first Imam for the Shias and the father of Hassan and Hussein the second and third imams for the Shias. “Shi’ite” itself Is an Arabic word literally meaning” a follower “which refers to a Muslim or a group of Muslims who follow Imam Ali, the first Imam of Shi’ite.
Iran is the biggest producer of Saffron in the world, with 90% of global production.
Festival of Fire in Iran - Just a few days before the Persian New Year